-The Epic of Gilgamesh and the Old Testament Akkadian -ZOROASTRIANISM – religion was dualistic–meaning that the world view of Zoroaster was a battle between forces of good and evil  – some claim its monothestic but the simple understanding of 2 powers is Dualistic Zoroastrian worship is directed toward Ahura Mazda, including fire worship. Judiasm12 avraham = 1812 BCE jews enslaved in egypt 1428BCE Moshe 1392 BCE exodus and Har sinai =1312 king david 877 BCE 1st temple 833 BCE Elijah also in this time ( went up in chariot of fire in 718) lived in the time of the split of kigdoms prophet that came before was Shmuel hanavi Zorast- in around here was born 1st temple destroyed 423 BCE -Devarim 6:4 Hear, O Israel: The Lord is our God; the Lord is one.   דשְׁמַ֖ע יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל יְהֹוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֵ֖ינוּ יְהֹוָ֥ה | אֶחָֽד: -Heaven : Genesis 1:1 In the beginning of God’s creation of the heavens and the earth.   אבְּרֵאשִׁ֖ית בָּרָ֣א אֱלֹהִ֑ים אֵ֥ת הַשָּׁמַ֖יִם וְאֵ֥ת הָאָֽרֶץ: Gehinom Job 26:5-6 , genisis 37:25- see rashi . -term commonly used for Hell is שְׁאוֹל -Resurrection Yeshayahu – Isaiah – Chapter 26:19 ,Daniel 12:2 -gels in torah – ( yaakov dream of angels going up and down ,Abraham visited by angels , sodom in genesis 19:1) -Satan JOB 1:6-7,Divrei Hayamim I – I Chronicles – Chapter 21 -exodus 32:1 see rashi -Mashaich Exodus 49:10( see sanhedrin 98b)-one of mashiachs name is Shilo -the dead sea scrolls were found buried near the Jordan – how do we understand textual differences between the Qumran texts and their counterparts in current Hebrew Bibles.  -Samaritans -how do we know there is one creator and not many? -Black Hebrew Israelite